Indian Points
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Different type of points in my collection.

One of the things to keep in mind when collection indian artifacts is trying to date them. There are a number of good books available to help you do this, but even with the books it can be difficult.

There are six periods generally accepted for types of points.

Paleo, Early Archaic, Middle Archaic, Late Archaic, Woodland, Mississippan, and Historic

The dates run back from 14,000 years for the Paleo to 450 years for Historic periods.


Dove Tail points, St. Charles type

These Dove Tail points are of the St. Charles type dating back to the Early Archaic Period.  The Archaic period is the name given to generalized hunter-gatherer societies in the American continents from approximately 8,000 to 2000 years BC.

Corner Tang Knife

The distribution of Corner Tang knives is not fully known, but believed to have been made in central Texas during the Woodland period, with examples having been found in thirteen other nearby states. The abundance (and they are not abundant even in Texas) makes it difficult to maintain an accurate count, as it appears there are less than 2000 documented examples. The Corner Tang knife is certainly not common and is viewed by archaeologists and collectors as a relatively rare artifact.  This knife was found on a site along Mill Creek in Kansas.

Paleo Point

The stone tools, particularly projectile points and scrapers, are the primary evidence of the earliest well known human activity in America. I found it interesting that this Paleo point was found in the same site and the corner tang knife. The Paleo period goes back as far as 14,000 years while the timing of the Corner Tang Knife goes back 700 years.

Celts and Scrappers

Points and knives by far were not the only tool the indians made. A celt could be something that was finely made like the one shown or perhaps just a stone that could be used for the purpose attended. However, if the celt or scrapper was well made it would then make sense not to throw it away. Basic indian tools were relative easy to make and most were fairly crude. It is hard to date a tool. Unlike points and knives who's design was carried on by the tribe and the time they were made, I can find no evidence the same applied to the tools. The two tools on the left are the celts.

Thebes blade
Thebes points represent one of the several different types of large Early Archaic notched knife forms. They date between 8000 to 6000 B.C. The large size and their large corner notches make them one of the more impressive knife forms from this period. This is not a large example of the group at five inches long.
3/4 Grove Ax
Unlike some of the tools that were made, usually from local chert, tools like this Ax were highly prized because of the time it took to make them.  This example is out of a carved piece of granite.  This three grooved ax is probably from the Woodland era, however tools are hard to date.  Other large tools would be spades, hoes, chisels and spuds.  As I said, the ax is made from granite that was shaped by pounding and then polished.
Hardin Blade
These point are also from the Archaic period usually associated with the Cherokee and Simosen tribes. Bison hunting on the great plains appears to have been the major subsistence pursuit of theses tribes. However, with the numbers of tribes living in the great plains and hunting there, it would be natural for them to be trading back and forth. Large points were needed to bring down these large beasts. This example is 71/4 inches in length.
Archaic Blade
This is one of the of the large blades in my collection. The blade is 101/2 inches in length with one small chip at the base. This blade was found close to the Oklahoma border on the Big Walnut. There is, I am told, many sites along the Big and the Little Walnut rivers. But as I said before, getting to them is hard. This point was found over twenty years ago in a corn field after the spring plowing and first rain. I understood that the area wasn't used to plant corn for a number of years and with less plowing this point wasn't broken. Only broken points were generally found at the site.
Archaic Dovetails or St. Charles Blades
These blades were made in the Archaic Period fromm 8,000 BC to 1,000 BC. The interesting thing about these points is they were found in Kansas. As you will note by the markings and color of the chert, it is not native chert. These examples were not found at the same site but basically in the same Mill Creek area.